She had earlier laid a white rose on the bronze Final Parting kindertransport sculpture, which was erected in 2015 and depicts two groups of children – those who were evacuated to new lives abroad and the thousands transported by train to concentration camps.
Created by Frank Meisler, it is one of five such installations across Europe, one of which is at Liverpool Street Station in London.
Lisa Bechner, a second generation survivor who was awarded an honorary MBE in 2022 for services to UK-Germany relations and the British commemoration of the kindertransport rescue effort, said: “Even as Prince of Wales, the King was very supportive and people from the kindertransport scheme memorial meet every five years at Buckingham Palace or St James’s Palace.
“Now, with this Royal visit, it is the first time the German government are showing appreciation of the sculptures and that is why it is important.”
Between November 1938 and August 1939, thousands of children were bundled onto trains and travelled unaccompanied by their parents to countries whose language and culture they did not know. Few saw their families again.
The UK continued to accept children and young people until 1943, taking in 10,000 in total.
Charles and Camilla had taken a train from Berlin to Hamburg for the last day of the historic state visit.
The couple were given a rapturous reception as they stepped on to the balcony at Hamburg City Hall, where they were greeted by huge cheers.